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Vildagliptin 50mg is an oral medication used to manage type 2 diabetes. It works by inhibiting the enzyme dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4), which increases the levels of incretin hormones in the body. These hormones help to regulate blood sugar by increasing insulin release from the pancreas and decreasing glucose production in the liver. By controlling blood sugar levels, Vildagliptin helps prevent the complications associated with diabetes, such as nerve damage, kidney damage, and eye problems.

Side Effects:-

  • Gastrointestinal Issues: Some patients may experience mild gastrointestinal side effects such as nausea, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. These symptoms are usually temporary and tend to improve as the body adjusts to the medication.
  • Headache: Headaches are a common side effect of Vildagliptin. If headaches persist or become severe, it is important to consult a healthcare provider.
  • Dizziness: Vildagliptin can cause dizziness, which may affect the ability to perform tasks that require concentration, such as driving. Patients should be cautious until they know how the medication affects them.
  • Hypoglycemia: When used in combination with other antidiabetic medications, especially sulfonylureas or insulin, Vildagliptin can increase the risk of hypoglycemia. Symptoms of low blood sugar include sweating, shakiness, confusion, and rapid heartbeat.
  • Skin Reactions: Some patients may experience skin reactions such as rash or itching. If these symptoms persist or worsen, medical advice should be sought.
  • Joint Pain: Joint pain has been reported in some patients taking Vildagliptin. If joint pain is severe or persistent, it is important to inform a healthcare provider.


Vildagliptin 50mg is indicated for adults with type 2 diabetes whose blood sugar levels are not adequately controlled by diet and exercise alone. It can be used as monotherapy or in combination with other oral antidiabetic medications such as metformin, sulfonylureas, or thiazolidinediones. This medication is particularly useful for patients who are unable to tolerate the side effects of other diabetes medications or for those who need an additional agent to achieve better glycemic control.

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