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Metformin 1000 mg tablet is a medication used to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus. It belongs to the class of drugs known as biguanides and helps to control blood sugar levels. Metformin works by decreasing the amount of sugar produced by the liver and increasing the sensitivity of muscle cells to insulin, thereby improving glucose uptake.

Side Effects:-

  • Gastrointestinal Upset: One of the most common side effects of Metformin 1000 mg tablet is gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal discomfort. These side effects are usually mild and improve with time.
  • Hypoglycemia: While metformin alone does not usually cause low blood sugar levels (hypoglycemia), it may occur when combined with other diabetes medications or if taken with inadequate food intake.
  • Lactic Acidosis: Although rare, metformin can cause a serious condition called lactic acidosis, characterized by symptoms like weakness, muscle pain, difficulty breathing, and irregular heartbeat. Seek immediate medical attention if you experience these symptoms.
  • Vitamin B12 Deficiency: Long-term use of metformin may lead to vitamin B12 deficiency in some individuals. Regular monitoring of vitamin B12 levels and supplementation may be necessary.
  • Metallic Taste: Some people may experience a metallic taste in the mouth when taking metformin, which usually goes away with continued use.


This medication is indicated for the management of type 2 diabetes in adults and children over 10 years of age. It is used to control high blood sugar levels in people whose diabetes cannot be controlled by diet and exercise alone. Metformin 1000 mg tablet helps to prevent complications of diabetes such as heart disease, kidney damage, and nerve problems.

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